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This map shows the regions of the world where Ancient (Classical) Greek was commonly spoken (red circle). The area was originally inhabited by a mixture of unknown non-Indo-Europeans. Shortly after 2,000 BCE, the Greeks or Hellenic tribes moved into this area. Modern scholars recognize five principal dialectal groups that probably correspond to the five Greek tribes--Ionic, Aeolic, Arcadian-Cyprian, Doric, and Northwest Greek. Ionic Greek, especially the Attic subdialect spoken around Athens, become the predominant standard. This ultimately evolved into the koiné Greek familiar to scholars of the New Testament. Toward the end of the Classical period, large numbers of Greek slaves also lived in the Italian penninsula, and later in the regions surrounding modern day Istanbul. Ancient Greek comes from the Hellenic branch of languages.

Daniel M. Short originally created this map and the other Indo-European language charts for his website at http://www.danshort.com/. I reproduce these images here with the author's permission, but they are copyrighted by Daniel Short as of 2002. These charts should not be reproduced or reused without Mr. Short's approval. You may contact him at danshort@gte.net for more information. These images are not public domain.


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Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2018. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated April 24, 2018. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.