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This map shows the regions of the world where High German (standard German) is commonly spoken today (see red circle). The High German language comprises a number of dialects, including Rhenish, East Franconian, Bavarian, Alemannic, and Middle. High German's linguistic development is divided into Modern High German (1500 CE to present day), Middle High German (1100-1500 CE), and Old High German (before 1100). Old High German in turn came from the West Germanic sub-branch of the Germanic branch of Indo-European languages. Modern High German is most closely related to Low German dialects and Yiddish. Yiddish is a recent branch of High German spoken by Europeanized Jews; it borrows heavily from Hebrew vocabulary.


Daniel M. Short originally created this map and the other Indo-European language charts for his website at http://www.danshort.com/. I reproduce these images here with the author's permission, but they are copyrighted by Daniel Short as of 2002. These charts should not be reproduced or reused without Mr. Short's approval. You may contact him at danshort@gte.net for more information. These images are not public domain.

 

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Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2017. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated January 5, 2017. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.