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This map shows the regions of the world where Provençal is commonly spoken (red circle). Ultimately, Provençal traces its roots to the Italic branch of Indo-European. It descended from classical Latin. In the medieval period, Provençal was known as langue d'oc, and it was an important literary language competing linguistically with the northern Parisian French known as langue d'oil. The Albigensian crusades and the rising political power of Paris, however, led to its diminishment. Today, in spite of many attempts at literary revival, Provençal remains a second-class language spoken by southern peasants. Provençal is is most closely related to French, Italian, Spanish, Portugeuse, Catalan, and Galician. It is more distantly related to Romansch and Romanian.

Daniel M. Short originally created this map and the other Indo-European language charts for his website at http://www.danshort.com/. I reproduce these images here with the author's permission, but they are copyrighted by Daniel Short as of 2002. These charts should not be reproduced or reused without Mr. Short's approval. You may contact him at danshort@gte.net for more information. These images are not public domain.


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Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2018. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated April 24, 2018. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.