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This map shows the regions of the world where Urdu is commonly spoken (red circle). Urdu is the official language of Pakistan, and it is spoken widely in western India. Urdu descends from the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European. Its immediate ancestor was Vedic Sanskrit. Urdu is most closely related to Assamese, Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, Sindhi, Singhalese, Romany, and Urdu. It is one of the three most important languages in modern India alongside Hindi and Bengali. Urdu differs from Hindi in its extensive Persian and Arabic borrowings and in the fact it is written in the Perso-Arabic script rather than Sanskrit lettering.


Daniel M. Short originally created this map and the other Indo-European language charts for his website at http://www.danshort.com/. I reproduce these images here with the author's permission, but they are copyrighted by Daniel Short as of 2002. These charts should not be reproduced or reused without Mr. Short's approval. You may contact him at danshort@gte.net for more information. These images are not public domain.

 

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Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2017. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated January 5, 2017. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.