Home Page Button Syllabus / Policies Button Composition Button Grammar Button Rhetoric Button Rhetoric Button Literature button poetry button classical button medieval button Renaissance Button Vocabulary Button


Chart of Common Irish Mutations

Basic Consonant Lenited Form Eclipsed Form
 p  ph (pronounced f)  bp (pronounced b)
 t  th (pronounced h)  dt (pronounced d)
 c  ch (pronounced kh)  gc (pronounced g)
 b  bh (pronounced v)  mb (pronounced m)
 d  dh (pronounced gh)  ng (pronounced n)
 g  gh (pronounced gh)  ng (pronounced n)
 f  fh (silent)  bhf (pronounced v)
 m  mh (pronounced v)  no eclipsed form
 s  sh (pronounced h)  no eclipsed form

Source: Diarmuid ó sé and Joseph Sheils, Teach Yourself Irish. xviii.



To Home Page
Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2017. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated January 5, 2017. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.