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Beowulf: An Online Introduction

III. When you have finished your transcription from part II, check what you have written down against Zupitza's transcription, below.

Below: Here we have a cleaner version of the Beowulf text that I have typed. It is based loosely on the Zupitza transcription of 1882, which is no longer under copyright. (For more up-to-date versions, check for facsimiles in the local library). Be sure to expand your web-browser to its largest size so you won't cut off any of the text. Here the text is standardized; it includes emendations, punctuation marks, accent marks over ashes, and line numbering. Note that the lines have now been broken up to show the number of beats in each line, and the line structure of the poem. If you look back at the original manuscript, you will notice that these line-breaks do not correspond to them. Why do you suppose the line-breaks are different? Click here for a hint.

When you are finished checking your work, you may click here to return to the First Beowulf Page, where you began this exercise. Or choose a button below to go elsewhere.


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Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2017. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated January 5, 2017. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.