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The following annotated bibliography on Lillith and lillins was written by Catherine Anne Gunderson for Kip Wheeler's English 199 Class ("Writings About Medieval Monsters"), on July 19, 2001.

Annotated Bibliography on Lillith and Lillins

Bialick, Hayim Nahman, and Yehoshua Hana Ravnitzky, eds. The Book of Legends: Legends from The Talmud and Midrash. Trans. William G. Braude. NY: Schocken Books, 1992.

The book contains a small warning against Lilith, the "night demon," within the chapter that numerically lists the "Destructive forces that afflict Mankind." 764, note 43.

Charlesworth, James H., ed. The Old Testament Pseudephigrapha. Vol. III. NY: Doubleday and Co., Inc., 1985. l: 967 note 5 and, 974 note 13a.

The passage contains Lilith, on incantation bowls.

Dame, Enid, Lilly Rivlin and Henny Wenkart, ed. Which Lilith? New Jersey: Bookmart Press, 1998.

An anthology of Jewish womenÕs writings inspired by the Lilith myth. The book is broken into seven parts: "Who is Lilith," "Lilith and Men," "Lilith as Transgressive Woman," "Lilith and Other Women," "Lilith and the Family," "Lilith as Archetype, Female Prinsiple," and "Lilith in Exile." The contributions, which vary from scholarly works to poetic expressions, all are concerned with modern Jewish womenÕs re-definition of the Lilith myth and the Midrash as a vehicle for understanding their position within the Jewish cultural context. The introduction by Naomi Wolf is excellent and reaches a broad feminist (not necessarily Jewish) audience. The poem, "woman before Idea of woman" by Gayle Brandeis and "The Last Lilith Poem" by Lynne Savitt, written as a suicide note, are both powerful and artfully written.

Gaster, Moses, ed. Studies and Texts in Folklore, Magic, Medieval Romance, Hebrew Apocrypha and Samaritan Archaeology. NY: Ktav Publishing House, Inc.: 1971, Vol. II. 1005-138.

A collection of Romanian charms, made by Marian, is listed in the chapter "Two Thousand Years of a Charm Against the Child-Stealing Witch." The various charms are given and explained extensively, as are the amulets to be made. A point of interest is the listing of LilithÕs seventeen other possible names.

Gregg, Joan Young. Devils, Women, and Jews. NY: SUNY Press, 1997.

A brief mention of Lilith is made in this book, but the footnote to the selection provides some noteworthy, if brief, insights into the dominant myth.

Humm, Alan. Lilith. Feb. 17, 2001. University of Pennsylvania. July 15, 2001. <http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~humm/Topics/Lilith>.

The most comprehensive website for all Lilith information. Includes links to late medieval traditions, ancient sources, and articles concerning her role in Jewish mysticism, folklore, traditional literature, modern magic and modern literature. Additionally there are many interesting pictures and easy links to some of the other, usually less scholarly and more personal, websites such as: "Lilith Magazine," a magazine for Jewish feminists: "Lilith Shrine," Renee RosenÕs entertaining page with some great pictures: <www.lilitu.com/lilith>. "LilithÕs World," Barbara FruschiÕs Italian fantasy site.

Hussain, Shauhrukh. "Temptresses." The Virago Book of Evil Women. London: Virago Press, 2000. 1-28.

The myth of Lilith is re-told by the author in a highly subjective, modern reading of the medieval characterization of the Lilith figure. The question is posed, what happened culturally to transform this woman into a demon and temptress? The answers are fresh.

Liebes, Yehuda. Studies in Jewish Myth and Jewish Messianism. Trans. Batya Stein. NY: SUNY Press, 1993. 138-139.

One explanation for the ten varieties of song that correspond to the ten psalms in the Jewish faith is posed in this book as a reaction to their relation to the "demonic spirit of Lilith"(139). LilithÕs sexuality and sadness are linked to a need for songs of joy. The happy and loud songs are suggested to defeat heretic thoughts and sexual temptation in melancholic males.

Slothi, Judah J., trans. Midrash Rabbah. Trans. Judah J. Slothi, M.A. Numbers, Vol. II. NY: The Sonicino Press, 1983. 694-695.

In this selection, Moses explains the works of God and compares them to those of Lilith, who also turns against her own children.

McGills, Roderick. The Hebrew Goddess. Ed. Willian Raeper. 3rd ed. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990. 31-55.

The article, "Femininity and Freedom," compares George MacDonaldÕs "two great romances," Phantastes and Lilith (31); MacDonaldÕs specific re-interpretation and criticism of the Lilith myth in his novel is explored.

Patai, Rahpael. The Hebrew Goddess. 3rd ed. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990. 221-254.

A thorough source closely linked to the original texts concerning Lilith. The author takes a scholarly, objective look at the background for the Lilith myth, her various forms and actions, then critiques her extensive relations with other mythical and biblical figures.

Schwartz, Howard. LilithÕs Cave. San Francisco: Isthmus Press, 1975.

The small and creative book is a philosophical exploration of Jewish beliefs with Lilith as the central figure.

Spector, Sheila A. Jewish Mysticism. NY: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1984. 393.

This is an annotated bibliography on the Kabbabah in English containing three sources for further study.

Dan, Joseph. "Samuel, Lilith and the Concept of Evil in Early Kabbalah." AJS Review, 5, 1980. 17-40.

Montgomery, James A. "The Lilith Legend." The Museum Journal, 4, 1913. 62-65.

Scholem, Gershom G. Jewish Gnosticisn, Merkabah Mysticism, and Tulmudic Tradition. NY: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1965.

Yassif, Eli. Jewish Folklore. NY: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1986. 319.

Another annotated bibliography with a listing of thirteen books ranging from analyses of the legend to books containing cures and amulets used as protection from Lilith in Galicia.

 

 

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