Keep in mind, languages
are messy phenomena. While most of the vowel changes took
place between 1400-1450, some words were still changing in
Shakespeare's day, in Andrew MarveIle's time, and even in
the late 1700s. (Some linguists argue that it's still taking
place in Southern dialects of America). These exceptions simply
need to be memorized.
You can review a list of them in the downloadable PDF
file of all the material we've covered.
- The PDF file appearing
in the link above is adapted from materials Professor James
Boren designed for his Chaucer students at the University
of Oregon. Any errors in this webpage are the result of
my own scribal corruptions rather than a product of the
original work. --Kip Wheeler