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328 Study Questions: Baugh Chapter Five: "The Norman Conquest"

Vocabulary: Battle of Hastings, Norman, Norman Conquest, Normandy, Shibboleth, Pidgin, Creole

Identifications: Henry II, Eleanor of Acquitaine

5.81 According to the introduction to this chapter, what event has had a greater linguistic influence on English than any other? In particular, what enormous effect is it going to have?

5.82 Where is Normandy located?

Who is King Rollo and what arrangement did he make with Charles the Simple in 912 A.D.?

What trait of the Scandinavian culture does Baugh credit for the success of the Vikings who "went native" and inhabited Normandy?

5.83 When Edward the Confessor died, his son Harold tried to claim the throne. Why was this a problem for Duke William of Normandy?

In addition to Harold Godwinson (the son of Edward the Confessor's advisor), and William of Normandy, who was the third claimant to the English throne?

What year did the Battle of Hastings take place?

5.84 What did William the Conqueror do with the Old English nobility?

Important positions of the government, the military, the church were filled by people of what ethnicity under William's rule?

How many Anglo-Saxon bishops managed to maintain their positions until the end of William's life?

When Lanfranc scorns Wulfstan of Worcester as being ignorant of French at the king's councils, what does this reveal about the nature of communications within the English government under Norman rule?

To run his burgeoning empire, what does William have to continuously import from Normandy? (hint: it's not any sort of material goods like paper or lumber.....)

5.85 For how many years after the Norman Conquest was French the standard language for the upper class?

5.86 What was the most important factor in the continued use of French by the English upper class through 1200?

Why did the Norman nobility find it necessary to continue speaking French even though the vast majority of the British population spoke Old English?

5.87 What does Baugh mean when he refers to French a "shibboleth" in Anglo-Norman England?

What does Baugh state the attitude of the Normans probably was toward the English language up to about 1200 AD?

5.88 What does court literature reveal about the status of languages in England through about 1300?

5.89 What sort of evidence shows us that French and English were fusing?

5.90 What language became associated with the mass of the common people? What language was associated with the law courts and the upper classes?

5.91 At the end of the twelfth century, what does Baugh say we can conclude from the "somewhat scanty facts" that survive to the present day concerning a knowledge of English?

5.92 In towns that were major trading centers, who were the most prominent business owners and merchants?



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