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328 Study Questions: Baugh Chapter Six: "The Re-Establishment of English"

Vocabulary: Hundred Year's War, Lollards

Identifications: Anglo-Norman, King John, the Battle of Crécy, the Battle of Poitier, Geoffrey Chaucer, William Langland, the Pearl Poet, John Wycliffe

6.93 Shortly after 1200, what conditions changed in England that caused the continued division between French and English-speaking folk in England to become increasingly artificial?

6.94 In 1204, what happened to King John's holdings in Normandy?

Why was the loss of continental territory in many ways a linguistic advantage for England?

6.95 The separation of the French and English nobility forced what question to come to a head regarding politics?

How did a French decree in 1204-1205 and another in 1244 accelerate the separation of French and English nobility?

6.96 During the days of Henry III and King John, what caused a new flood of Frenchmen to migrate to England?

What political marriage in 1236 brought a second stream of aliens to England?

What brought a third alien influx of Frenchmen into England?

6.97 The excesses of Henry III when it come to passing out posts to foreigners led to what political reaction in 1234?

What brought hte barons and the middle clas together in a common cause under the coalition of Simon de Monfort?

Who was driven from England in the Baron's War and the Provisions of Oxford?

6.98 How did the status of Central French on the continent (rather than the Anglo-Norman French in England) change in the thirteenth century?

6.99 Previously, before the thirteenth century, the upper class Normans in England spoke Norman French because it was their mother tongue. After the thirteenth-century began, English was being used for general communication, but why did the aristocrats continue to learn and speak French?

List three places, fields, or situations in which French was the primary language in Norman England.

How does Walter of Bibbesworth's treatise on French provide us some clue of French's changing status by 1250?

6.100 What two conservative institutions show us that French was declining in England since they adopted measures to keep French artificially in use?

What educational requirement did an act of parliament make for all "lords, barons, knights, and honest men of good towns"?

6.101 How did the increasing prestige of Central French (Parisian French) alter the status of Anglo-Norman French? How might this have decreased the use of French among the Anglo-Norman aristocracy?

6.102 What is the term for the series of conflicts between England and France between 1337-1453? How was it a contributing factor to the disuse of Anglo-Norman French?

6.103 How did the Black Plague in 1348 contribute to the importance of English as opposed to continuing the dominance of Anglo-Norman in England?

How did the Black Plague change labor conditions in England?

6.104 By the fourteenth century, what percentage of the English population actually spoke at least some English? (Trick question!)

Those people who did speak French in 14th-century England, according to Baugh, were probably (a) fisherman, (b) landowners, (c) minstrils, (d) bilingual, (e) drunk?

What landmark event in the parliament of 1362 shows that Norman French is fading away?

6.105 What changed about the nature of lawsuits in October 1362 because of the Statue of Pleading?

6.106 In addition to parliament and lawcourts holding procedings in English in the fourteenth-century, what other important field or institution began the practice of using English after 1349?

6.107 What happened to the frequency of speaking French fluently in the fifteenth-century? (i.e., among those who do write or speak French, what appears commonly in their writing or speech?)

By the middle of the fifteenth century, it was necessary to have what new position among the government officials?

6.108 According to John Barton in the fifteenth century, what are three reasons for an Englishman to learn French?

6.109 In what century does English become more common in writing than both French and Latin?

After 1430, what do a number of towns do with their ordinances?

6.110 Besides living and writing between 1350-1400 and being male, what do Geoffrey Chaucer, William Langland, and John Wycliffe have in common as literary pioneers?

Bonus Question from Lecture: Why isn't John Gower listed with the three names above?

Lecture Question: Who were the Lollards and what was their controversial policy concerning the Bible?





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