328 Study Questions: Baugh Chapter Six: "The
Re-Establishment of English"
Hundred Year's War, Lollards
Identifications: Anglo-Norman, King John,
the Battle of Crécy, the Battle
of Poitier, Geoffrey Chaucer, William Langland, the Pearl
Poet, John Wycliffe
6.93 Shortly after 1200, what conditions
changed in England that caused the continued division between
French and English-speaking folk in England to become increasingly
6.94 In 1204, what happened to King John's
holdings in Normandy?
Why was the loss of continental territory in many ways
a linguistic advantage for England?
6.95 The separation of the French and English nobility
forced what question to come to a head regarding politics?
How did a French decree in 1204-1205 and another in 1244
accelerate the separation of French and English nobility?
6.96 During the days of Henry III and
King John, what caused a new flood of Frenchmen to migrate
What political marriage in 1236 brought a second stream
of aliens to England?
What brought a third alien influx of Frenchmen into England?
6.97 The excesses of Henry III when it
come to passing out posts to foreigners led to what political
reaction in 1234?
What brought hte barons and the middle clas together in
a common cause under the coalition of Simon de Monfort?
Who was driven from England in the Baron's War and the
Provisions of Oxford?
6.98 How did the status of Central French
on the continent (rather than the Anglo-Norman French in
England) change in the thirteenth century?
6.99 Previously, before the thirteenth
century, the upper class Normans in England spoke Norman
French because it was their mother tongue. After the thirteenth-century
began, English was being used for general communication,
but why did the aristocrats continue to learn and speak
List three places, fields, or situations in which French
was the primary language in Norman England.
How does Walter of Bibbesworth's treatise on French provide
us some clue of French's changing status by 1250?
6.100 What two conservative institutions
show us that French was declining in England since they
adopted measures to keep French artificially in use?
What educational requirement did an act of parliament make
for all "lords, barons, knights, and honest men of
6.101 How did the increasing prestige
of Central French (Parisian French) alter the status of
Anglo-Norman French? How might this have decreased the use
of French among the Anglo-Norman aristocracy?
6.102 What is the term for the series
of conflicts between England and France between 1337-1453?
How was it a contributing factor to the disuse of Anglo-Norman
6.103 How did the Black Plague in 1348
contribute to the importance of English as opposed to continuing
the dominance of Anglo-Norman in England?
How did the Black Plague change labor conditions in England?
6.104 By the fourteenth century, what
percentage of the English population actually spoke at least
some English? (Trick question!)
Those people who did speak French in 14th-century England,
according to Baugh, were probably (a) fisherman, (b) landowners,
(c) minstrils, (d) bilingual, (e) drunk?
What landmark event in the parliament of 1362 shows that
Norman French is fading away?
6.105 What changed about the nature of
lawsuits in October 1362 because of the Statue of Pleading?
6.106 In addition to parliament and lawcourts
holding procedings in English in the fourteenth-century,
what other important field or institution began the practice
of using English after 1349?
6.107 What happened to the frequency of
speaking French fluently in the fifteenth-century? (i.e., among those who do write or speak French, what appears commonly in their writing or speech?)
By the middle of the fifteenth century, it was necessary
to have what new position among the government officials?
6.108 According to John Barton in the
fifteenth century, what are three reasons for an Englishman
to learn French?
6.109 In what century does English become
more common in writing than both French and Latin?
After 1430, what do a number of towns do with their ordinances?
6.110 Besides living and writing between
1350-1400 and being male, what do Geoffrey Chaucer, William
Langland, and John Wycliffe have in common as literary pioneers?
Bonus Question from Lecture:
Why isn't John Gower listed with the three names above?
Who were the Lollards and what was their controversial policy
concerning the Bible?