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328 Study Questions: Kolln Chapter Seven: "The Noun Phrase Functions--Nominals."


Vocabulary (see pages 369-84 of Kolln): anticipatory it, appositive, clause, dangling gerund, delayed subject, dependent clause, direct quotation, expletive that, gerund, independent clause, infinitive, interrogative, nominal, nominal clause, nominal verb phrase, objective case, subjective case, subordinator, tensed verb.

Questions:

  • In the chapter preview, we are introduced to the idea of the appositive. Is the oppositive an optional or a required NP slot?
  • What is a nominal phrase? What are the six ways a nominal phrase can complete a grammatical sentence?
  • When diagramming an appositive, what punctuation marks separate it from the noun it renames or defines? (See example on the bottom of page 177).
  • When do we need a comma to separate an appositive from the noun it renames or defines? When can we leave out such a comma?
  • What is a gerund? What suffix or ending does a gerund always have? How is a gerund different from a participle?
  • What funky diagramming structure marks a gerund when it fits in the subject slot or object slot?
  • What diagramming structure marks a gerund when it is the object of a preposition?
  • What diagramming structure marks a gerund when it is acting as an appositive?
  • Explain the difference between the two following sentences' use of the word smooching. Diagram each one:

    (1) His joy is smooching nymphs in a forgotten glade.
    (2) He is smooching nymphs in a forgotten glade.

  • Gerunds--just like participles--can often lead to dangling modifiers. What two ways does your textbook offer to fix such a dangling modifier when your gerunds run amok?
  • The phrase, "Let's go..." in English is idiomatic when it comes to verbs. What are the only sort of verbs that can follow this phrase?
  • Define an infinitive. Does an infinitive function as a nominal, adverbial, or adjectival phrase?
  • Can an infinitive take a complement? How about an adverbial modifier?
  • How does one diagram the subject of an infinitive?
  • Diagram the following sentence: For you to sing rap songs is an abomination of music.
  • What is a nominal clause? What slots can they fill in a sentence?
  • What special diagramming structure indicates a nominal clause on page 191?
  • What is an expletive that?
  • What is the difference between a nominal clause beginning with that and an adjectival clause beginning with that? How can the word which be useful as a litmus test in distinguishing the two types of clauses?
  • How can an interrogative word be used to create a nominal clause? Give an example. How is this use different from the way we use interrogatives in questions?
  • What funky diagramming structure is used to indicate a yes/no interrogative?
  • Diagram the following sentences. Note that they will be diagrammed in very different ways.
  • (1) I will flee her Medusan stare if she is mad at me.
    (2) Can you tell if she is mad at me?

  • In the sentences above, which one uses "if" to introduce a subordinate clause? In the sentences above, whichone uses "if" to introduce a nominal clause as a yes/no interrogative?
  • Normally, no punctuation appears between a verb and a direct object when the direct object is an entire nominal clause. What is the one common exception to this rule listed on page 196?
  • What is an anticipatory it?

 

 

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