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Timeline 100-200:


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Epictetus, a Stoic philosopher in Nikopolis, invents an earthen lamp. The invention is sold after his death for 3,000 drachmas.


Start of the Dacian Wars
Emperor Trajan extends the Empire's borders to the greatest extent it will ever reach.
Trajan's column built to commemorate this expansion in Rome.
105 T'sai Lun, a eunuch director of the Chinese Han Court's imperial workshops, invents mulberry-based paper-making. He is later deified in Chinese mythology as the god of paper-makers.
106 Emperor Trajan celebrates a military triumph with 117 days of gladiatorial games, during which nearly 10,000 combatants fight to the death for Rome's entertainment.
107 End of the Dacian Wars


Suetonius writes his De Viris Illustribus (Concerning Famous Men)


Pliny the Younger's Epistulae (Letters) published posthumously
115 The Jews in Egypt, Palestine, Africa, and Cyprus rebel against Roman rule. Trajan puts down these rebellions with unusual cruelty.
116 Trajan makes the river Tigris serve as the Empire's eastern boundary. He forms new provinces in Mesopotamia and Assyria.
117 End of Emperor Trajan's reign. Hadrian becomes Roman Emperor. He rules until 138.


Period of construction for the Roman Pantheon.
121 Suetonius writes his De Vita Caesarum (Lives of the Caesars)


Hadrian visits Britain. He orders construction of Hadrian's wall and fortifications between Roman-controlled section of England and barbarian-controlled Scotland.

c. 125

The Pantheon completed in Rome, built by architects and engineers serving the Roman Emperor Hadrian..
127 Juvenal writes his Satires.


Hadrian visits Egypt. A new capital city begun at Antinopolis.


Shimeon Bar-Kokhba and Rabbi Akiba Ben-Joseph led Jews in a second major rebellion against Roman control. The Jewish forces capture Jerusalem and set up an independent state of Israel.

Chang Heng, a Chinese imperial astronomer, invents an earthquake alarm based on an eight-foot long, free-swinging pendulum.

133 Julius Severus sent to Palestine to stop the Jewish rebellion.
135 Severus crushes the Jewish rebellion. Death of Bar-Kokhba and Akiba Ben-Joseph.
Final diaspora of the Jews begins.


End of Emperor Hadrian's reign. Antoninus Pius becomes Emperor of Rome. He rules until 161.


Claudius Ptolemy completes his Geographia.It includes the first map of the world known to use a latitude and longitudinal grid system.






End of Emperor Antoninus Pius' reign. Marcus Aurelius becomes Roman Emperor. He rules until 180 .




The Emperor Huan-Ti receives gifts from Marcus Aurelius.

Serious outbreak of plague in Europe.


Outbreak of plague finally subsides in Europe.


The Chinese invent the edge-runner mill.

Apuleius writes The Golden Ass


The Chinese invent gimbals and a rotary fan for ventilation, and the zoetrope (lamp cover that revolves in circles from ascending hot air).

Death of Marcus Aurelius. His son Commodus becomes Emperor, ruling until 192.

In Scillium, the first African Christians martyred under Commodus (son of Marcus Aurelius).


Marcus Aurelius' Meditations (i.e., a collection of Stoic philosophy) published posthumously.


Last of the Han Emperors, Hsien-Ti, begins his rule. His imperium lasts until 220, but the real government is in the hands of military dictators.

The square-pallet chain-pump perfected in China.

192 Death of Commodus. Empire thrown into chaos.


Pertinax selected as emperor. Praetorian Guard murders him, and they choose Didius Julian instead. Didius Julian reigns for two months.

Septimus Severus becomes emperor of Rome, seizing the city and thwarting Didius Julian. Julian executed.


Clodius Albinus, governor of Britain (another claimant to imperial power) dies. Severus kills him at the battle of Lyon.


Galen of Pergamum proves arteries are carriers of blood, overturning the earlier belief that the arteries were merely air tubes.

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