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Timeline 500-600:

500

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Circa 500-700--Christian culture thrives in Ireland after being almost obliterated on the continent by Teutonic invasion--Irish missionary active in Scotland, Iceland, France, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy seeking to rechristianize Western Europe.

503

Battle of Mons Badonis (Mount Badon)--source for future Arthurian legends.

War between Byzantine Empire and Persia commences.  

505 War between Byzantine Empire and Persia ends.

507

Franks conquer the Visigoths in southern regions of France.

511

Death of Clovis; the Frankish Empire divided into four parts to be ruled by each of the four sons according to the practice of partible succession.
512 Arabic Alphabet of twenty-eight letters invented.
520 Decimal system invented by Indian mathematician Aryabhata and Varamihara.

523

Hilderic, Vandal chieftain, rules as King in North Africa until 530 AD. 

524

War reconvenes between Byzantine Empire and Persia.

Circa 524--Boethius writes "Consolation of Philosophy" (Latin), while imprisoned and waiting execution on trumped-up charges. The work becomes pivotal in medieval thinking, and it is later translated into English successively by King Alfred, Chaucer, and Queen Elizabeth.

527

Justinian rules as Byzantine Emperor

529

Justinian orders all the Empire's laws codified and standardized in three volumes. The work takes over thirty years.

530

Gelimer rules as Vandal King in North Africa
532

Anno Domini dating system created by Dionysius Exiguus ("Denis the Short"), Scythian abbot of a monastery near Rome. The system will not become common for several centuries.

Anthemios of Trales, architect for Saint Sophia Cathedral, invents the Single-shell dome technique.

533

So-called "eternal peace" treaty signed between Byzantine Empire and Persia.

534

Byzantine general Belisarius conquers the Vandal kingdom of North Africa, overthrowing Gelimer the Vandal ruler.

535

Byzantine armies begin to reconquer Italy, a task taking nearly twenty years.

Stained glass windows invented in Saint Sophia Cathedral. Stain-glass will not become common in Western Europe for several more centuries.

540

New war breaks out between the Byzantine Empire and Persia.

542-546

Outbreak of plague in the Byzantine Empire.

550

Saint Dyfed (David) spread Christianity in Wales.

The Great Arch of Ctesiphon built.

552

Buddhism introduced to Japan.

China experiments with sailing carriages (wind-powered land transport)

553

Justinian overhauls the bureaucracy of the Egyptian part of his empire.

554

Byzantine forces conquer southeastern Spain
555 Belisarius, general of the Emperor Justinian, creates first watermill outside of China.

562

Japanese occupying forces in Korea lose power.

563

Saint Columba founds a monastery on the island of Iona and begins converting the Picts in Soctland and Northern England to Christianity.

565

Justin II, nephew of Justinian becomes Byzantine Emperor.

568

Lombards conquer northern Italy. Alcuin founds kingdom.

570

Birth of Mohammed. 

572

Persians begin a sixty-year domination of Arabia.
580 Iron-chain suspension bridge invented in China.

581

Wen Ti, formerly chief minister of the Chou, founds the Sui Dynasty in China.

584

Foundation of Mercian kingdom in England among the Anglo-Saxon tribes.

587

Visigoths in Spain convert to Christianity.

589

Arabs, Khazars, and Turks invade Persia, but are driven out.

Wen Ti conquers the Southern Ch'en and reunites China.

590

Gregory I (Gregory the Great) becomes Pope.

593

Suiko, Empress of Japan.

596

Pope Gregory orders Saint Augustine the Lesser to go to England and convert the inhabitants to Christianity.

597

Saint Augustine the Lesser lands in England and converts the kingdom of Kent to Christianity. He founds the first English church in Canterbury.

600

 

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Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2014. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated September 3, 2014. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.