Home Page Button Syllabus / Policies Button Composition Button Grammar Button Rhetoric Button Rhetoric Button Literature button poetry button classical button medieval button Renaissance Button Vocabulary Button

 

Viking Attacks

The following is a chronological list of major Viking military confrontations, occupations, and explorations. It is not comprehensive, and probably many Viking raids on smaller communities occurred nearly continuously without being recorded by contemporary historians during this chaotic period. However, it should give you an idea of how widespread the Viking incursions were. It should also explain why medieval Europeans and British folk were so frightened by them. Red entries were successful Viking incursions, conquests, or explorations. Black entries were times the Vikings lost or were driven away.


  • Frisia (570)
  • Portland (787): Three lost viking ships land at Portland Bill. The king's reeve tries to collect taxes from them. They kill him and sail on.
  • Isle of Lindisfarne (793)
  • Isle of Skye (795)
  • Ionia (795)
  • Rathün (795)
  • Aquitaine (799)
  • St. Philibergt (799)
  • Ionia (802, again)
  • Lyminge (804)
  • Ionia (806, yet again)
  • Slav town of Reric, citizens transfer to Hedeby (808)
  • Frisia (810, again)
  • Vestfold, Norway--Norwegian Vikings struggle with Danish Vikings (813)
  • Flanders (820)
  • Aquitaine (820)
  • Faroes Islands (825)
  • Arnagh (832)
  • Arnagh (832, again)
  • Arnagh (832, yet again)
  • Dorestad (834)
  • Sheppy (835)
  • Dorestad (835, again)
  • Dorestad (836, yet again)
  • Dorestad (837, even yet again)
  • Constantinople (839, not sacked, but city was reached by Swedish Vikings)
  • Dublin (840)
  • Dublin (841 permanent Viking settlement in Dublin)
  • Francia (842)
  • Frisia (843, yet again)
  • Nantes (848)
  • Coulouse (844)
  • Galicia (844)
  • Al-Andalus (844)
  • Hamburg (845)
  • Frisia (845)
  • Paris (845)
  • Bordeaux (848)
  • Canterbury (851)
  • London (851)
  • Mona (852)
  • St. Martin (853)
  • Tours (853)
  • Various Mediterranean Isles (859-862 )
  • Iceland explored by Gardar the Swede (860)
  • Constantinople (860, threatened yet again)
  • Winchester (860)
  • Novgorod (862)
  • St. Benoit (865)
  • Fleury (865)
  • Poitiers (865)
  • Various English cities completely overrun by Danish Vikings (865)
  • York (867)
  • Armaugh (869)
  • Dumberton (870)
  • Orkney (870)
  • Alt Clud (870)
  • Wessex (871)
  • Viking settlement of Iceland (870-930)
  • Repton (873)
  • Ireland (873, yet again)
  • Wessex (again, 876)
  • Wessex (yet again, 877)
  • Gloucester (877)
  • St. David's (878)
  • Dyfed (878)
  • Edington (878, Vikings defeated)
  • Kiev (880)
  • Aachen (881)
  • Cologne (881)
  • Paris (885-886)
  • London (886, Vikings defeated)
  • the Dyle (891, Viking defeated)
  • Lloeger (895)
  • Bytheiniog (895)
  • Various sites in Northwest England (900, again)
  • Dublin (902, Vikings expelled from area)
  • Normandy (911, Viking Rollo recognized as ruler of Normandy by the French)
  • Brittany (912)
  • Brittany (914-36 yet again!)
  • Dublin (917, yet again, Vikings recapture city)
  • Corbridge (917)
  • Germania (934, Vikings defeated)
  • Limerick (937)
  • Brunanburh (937, Viking and Scottish alliance defeated)
  • Stainmore (954, Vikings defeated)
  • various sites in England (980, even yet again)
  • Greenland (981)
  • Baffin Island (986)
  • Greenland (yet again, 986)
  • Newfoundland (986)
  • Maldon (991)
  • Folkistone (991)
  • London (994)
  • Svold (1000)
  • Vinland (1000)
  • Norway (1015, conquered)
  • England under ruler of Cnut (1016-35)
  • most of northern Scotland conquered (1030-35)
  • England (End of Danish rule 1042)
  • Constantinople (last Rus attack 1043)
  • Fulford and Stamford Bridge (1066)
  • Hastings (Normans, i.e., Viking descendents in northern France, led by William the Bastard, invade England in 1066)
  • England (1069, yet again, Vikings defeated)
  • England (1075, even yet again, last major Danish invasion of Britain)
  • Hebrides (1095)
  • Norman descendents of Vikings in France expand into southern Italy (1071)
  • Ulster (1103, Vikings defeated)
  • East Coast of England raided, but Vikings driven off (1153)
  • Largs, Scotland (1263)

 

To Home Page
Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2016. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated August 15th, 2016. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.