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This map shows the regions of the world where Persian is commonly spoken (red circle). Persian is also called Farsi. This language has been of immense cultural and literary importance since the 800s of this era. (For example, the great epic Shahnamah was written in medieval Persian, as were many mathematical, scientific, and astronomical and astrological works.) Modern Persian has borowed a large number of Arabic vocabulary words--so much so that it seems almost as much Arabic as it does Iranian. Persian descended from Old Persian and Pahlavi, the latter of which is an extinct language also known as "Middle Iranian." Persian is related to Avestan, Sogdian, Baluchi, Kurdish, and Pashto.

Daniel M. Short originally created this map and the other Indo-European language charts for his website at http://www.danshort.com/. I reproduce these images here with the author's permission, but they are copyrighted by Daniel Short as of 2002. These charts should not be reproduced or reused without Mr. Short's approval. You may contact him at danshort@gte.net for more information. These images are not public domain.


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Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2018. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated April 24, 2018. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.