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Timeline 0-100 CE:

00

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01

 
07  

11

 

11

 
15  
16  
17  

18

 

20

Chinese invent water-powered trip hammer mill

29

(?) Crucifixion of Christ

30

 

31

Chinese prefect Tu Shih in Nanyang invents water-powered metallurgical blowing engine
33  
37 Emperor Caligula begins his reign in Rome.

41

End of Caligula's reign in Rome. Reign of Emperor Claudius in Rome begins.

43

Emperor Claudius orders invasion of Britain

c. 50

Longinus writes his treatise On the Sublime.

54

End of Claudius' regin. Reign of Emperor Nero begins.

53

 

60

First recorded use of miniature reading lens. Cut from transparent gemstone and fitted in a finger ring for the Roman Emperor Nero.

62-63

Heyday of Lucan

64

Catastrophic fire in Rome. Romans blame and persecute Christians for the disaster.

69

Chaotic and bloody year sees deaths and successions of Emperor Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and finally Vespasian in a few months.

70

Coliseum begun at Rome
Titus, Emperor Vespasian's son, suppresses a Jewish revolt. He destroys the Temple at Jerusalem and exiles Jews (the first Diaspora, or scattering)
   
73 Roman forces besiege Jewish stronghold of Masada. Defenders commit mass suicide.
c. 76 Jewish historian Josephus writes his Bellum Judaicum (The Jewish War)
77 Pliny the Elder writes his Naturalis Historia (Natural History)
c. 80 Plutarch's Lives and Plutarch's Morals written.
81 Arch of Titus completed at Rome

83

Chinese invent lodestone spoon rotating bronze plate (operating via magnetism)

84

Rome conquers Britain

85

Rome commences policy of intense Romanization of conquered Britain.

86

The poet Martial begins his Epigrammata (Epigrams)

91

The poet Statius writes the Thebaid
96 The poet Statius writes The Achilleid

98

The historian Tacitus writes Germania and Agricola

Reign of Emperor Trajan begins.

99

Around this time, the Greek mathematician Hero in Alexandria describes in his tome, Pneumatica, a number of inventions, including steam-powered aeoliphiles, olive oil beam presses, grape screw presses, and the gastraphetes (primitive crossbow). Note that the Chinese had crossbows as early as 300 BCE.

100

Epictetus, a Stoic philosopher in Nikopolis, invents an earthen lamp. The invention is sold after his death for 3,000 drachmas.

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Copyright Dr. L. Kip Wheeler 1998-2017. Permission is granted for non-profit, educational, and student reproduction. Last updated January 5, 2017. Contact: kwheeler@cn.edu Please e-mail corrections, suggestions, or comments to help me improve this site. Click here for credits, thanks, and additional copyright information.